:  Therapies
Important: SeaScape Studio treats its fish tanks with formalin and copper. The formalin is diluted from a 37% stock solution to .03 ml/L concentration. The copper is diluted from Mardel's CopperSafe at 5 ml/4 gallons concentration. These two treatments cannot be used in the invertebrate tanks in the center of the store because of the vulnerability of invertebrates to copper and formalin.
NameDosageDiseases TreatedAntimicrobial ActionPrecaution
Chloroquine10 mg/L/5-7 dayscryptocaryonosis, uronemosis, amyloodiniosis, swim bladder disorderbinds to proteins and of cells at vulnerable points of the life cyclekills all types of marine algae
Copperionic copper: 0.15 to 0.20 mg/L; chelating copper: 0.20 mg/L; 500 mg/L/1 minute bathcryptocaryonosis, brooklynellosis, amyloodiniosis, swim bladder disorderunclear, binds to enzymes and inhibits themabsorbed by numerous aquariums surfaces and organisms; bacteria may absorb and release copper causing swings in levels; glass aquariums where copper has been used cannot be used with invertebrates
Erythromycin10 mg/L/3 daysswollen abdomen raised scalesinhibits protein synthesisminimal efficacy, destroys nitrogen-cycling baceria
Formalin37% stock, .03 ml/L prolonged; 0.125 - 0.25 ml/L for brief dipscryptocaryonosis, brooklynellosis, uronemosis, amyloodiniosis, fungus external, turbellarian infestation, trematodes, parasitic copepodsenzyme and cell membrane protein disruptiontoxic to fish and humans
Freshwater Dipequalize pH, temperature, 5 minute limitkills protozoans (not Amyloodinium, flatworms, turbellarians, monogeneanscauses osmotic imbalance that leads to plasmolysis - rupture of the celltoxic procedure, difficult to move and handle sick fish without harming them further
Furacyn2-3 mg/L/7-10 daysfin_rot, lesion, hemorrhage, white skin patch disease, swollen abdomen raised scalesinhibits DNA synthesisprescription, water changes, kills nitrogen-cycling bacteria
Furanace75-100 mg/kg food, 5 to 15 daysfin_rot, lesion, hemorrhage, white skin patch disease, swollen abdomen raised scalesmetabolic enzyme inhibitorprescription, water changes, kills nitrogen-cycling bacteria
Garlic1500 mg/fish/feeding orally, 3 times dailyinternal nematode roundworms, ichblocks specific enzyme groups that have sulfhidryl groups: cysteine proteinases and alcohol dehydrogenasesanecdotal evidence of effectiveness only
Hydrogen peroxide30.5 ml of 3% peroxide solution to new 100 gal or esablished 10 gal aquariumcryptocaryonosis, brooklynellosis, uronemosis, amyloodiniosisoxidation of organic compoundsnone
Hyposalinitylower limit = 1.010 SG, 79F (fish body fluid SG = 1.008 g/ml)cryptocaryonosis, brooklynellosis, uronemosis, amyloodiniosiscauses osmotic imbalance that leads to plasmolyis; interferes with specific stages of a parasite's life cycletoxic to fish upon bringing them back to normal salinity
Isoniazid10 mg/L, 7-10 daysHexamita, mycobacteriosisinhibits cell wall synthesisnone
Kanamycin50-75 mg/L/7 daysfin rot, lesion, hemorrhage, mycobacteriosis, swim bladder disorderprevents protein production in bacteriaprescription, water changes, kills nitrogen-cycling bacteria
Malachite green2 mg/l brief dip, 0.1 mg/L continuouscryptocaryonosis, brooklynellosis, uronemosis, fungus external, turbellarian infestation, trematodes, parasitic copepodsbinds and denatures intracellular proteinscarcinogenic, toxic
Methylene Blue2 mg/L continuous, 50 mg/L/60 secondscryptocaryonosis, brooklynellosis, amyloodiniosisredox disruptor, binds and denatures intracellular proteinsstain
Metronidazole9.1 - 10.4 mg/L/3 days (aq); 1g/100g food/5 days orallyhole_in_the_head_diseaseDNAseshould be used in a hospital tank
Minocycline2.6 mg/L/every 2 days/8 daysfin rot, lesion, hemorrhage, mycobacteriosis, swim bladder disorderprevents protein production in bacteriaprescription, water changes, kills nitrogen-cycling bacteria
Neomycin65 mg/L/7-10 daysfin rot, lesion, hemorrhage, white skin patch diseaseprevents protein production, disrupts cell wall designprescription, water changes, kills nitrogen-cycling bacteria
None
Oxolinic Acid15 mg/L/5-7 daysswollen abdomen raised scales, swim bladder disorderinhibits DNA gyrase and DNA synthesisdestroys nitrogen-cycling baceria
Oxytetracycline20-30 mg/L/3-5 daysswollen abdomen raised scalesinhibits protein synthesisminimal efficacy, destroys nitrogen-cycling baceria
Phenoxyethanol1% stock, 3.1 ml/L 5 daysInternal FungusDNAse, enzyme inhibitornone
Potassium Permanganate2-5 mg/L/7 days, 20 mg/L/one hour only, max of 450 mV redox potentialalgae control, clarifyer (reduces organic solutes), cryptocaryonosis, brooklynellosis, amyloodiniosisoxidation of organic compoundsstain
Praziquantel1 mg/L/3-5 days aqueous; 2.5 mg/1 g food orallyTurbellarian (Paravortex)either causes calcium imbalance and parasite paralysis or prevents parasite purine sysnthesismust be used in a hosptital tank
Streptomycin20-40mg/L/3-5 daysmycobacteriosisaminoglycoside, inhibits protein synthesisdestroys nitrogen-cycling baceria
Sulfathiazole, Solfonamide, Sulfamarazine0.65 - 1.3 mg/L/7-10 daysbacterial infections: lesion, hemorrhage; fungus_externalinhibits DNA synthesisdestroys nitrogen-cycling baceria
Trichlorfon1 mg/L/2 hours, one timeTurbellarian (Paravortex), Copepodsit inhibits the nervous system enzyme cholinesterase, paralyzing the treated crusteaceansmust be used in a hosptital tank