Royal Gramma (Gramma loreto)
Family: Grammatidae (Basslets)
Natural Range: Caribbean and Atlantic Ocean
Depth: 3 to 294 ft. Size: 3.1 in. Jumps: Yes Space: 20+ gal.
Reef Safe: Yes Care Level: Easy Temperament: Peaceful
Diet: Copepods, isopods
Natural History: The Royal Gramma is found in groups (up to 1100 individuals) in shallow reef areas with steep ledges, numerous overhangs, and around caves. They may clean other species of fish with other cleaners. Individuals are territorial regarding their own retreat, which is generally a small hole or crevice in a vertical rocky slope. This species is found at higher density in the shallower parts of its range.
Husbandry: Royal Grammas fiercely defend small refuges within the live rock or coral structures of an aquarium. One large and several small Royal Grammas can be housed in an aquarium of at least a 55 gallon capacity. Small aquariums should house only one member of this species. They are unaggressive toward unrelated species.
Reproduction: Males build a nest into which the female enters and lays eggs. The eggs have small threads that allow them to stick to the nest. The male guards the nest until the eggs hatch. The larvae are phototrophic and will congregate near lights.
AKA: Fairy Basslet
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